Quanta Magazine

As computer scientists tackle a greater range of problems, their work has grown increasingly interdisciplinary. This year, many of the most significant computer science results also involved other scientists and mathematicians. Perhaps the most practical involved the cryptographic questions underlying the security of the internet, which tend to be complicated mathematical problems. One such problem — the product of two elliptic curves and their relation to an abelian surface — ended up bringing down a promising new cryptography scheme that was thought to be strong enough to withstand an attack from a quantum computer. And a different set of mathematical relationships, in the form of one-way functions, will tell cryptographers if truly secure codes are even possible.

Computer science, and quantum computing in particular, also heavily overlaps with physics. In one of the biggest developments in theoretical computer science this year, researchers posted a proof of the NLTS conjecture, which (among other things) states that a ghostly connection between particles known as quantum entanglement is not as delicate as physicists once imagined. This has implications not just for our understanding of the physical world, but also for the myriad cryptographic possibilities that entanglement makes possible. 

And artificial intelligence has always flirted with biology — indeed, the field takes inspiration from the human brain as perhaps the ultimate computer. While understanding how the brain works and creating brainlike AI has long seemed like a pipe dream to computer scientists and neuroscientists, a new type of neural network known as a transformer seems to process information similarly to brains. As we learn more about how they both work, each tells us something about the other. Perhaps that’s why transformers excel at problems as varied as language processing and image classification. AI has even become better at helping us make better AI, with new “hypernetworks” helping researchers train neural networks faster and at a lower cost. So now the field is not only helping other scientists with their work, but also helping its own researchers achieve their goals.



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How to check bandwidth usage at household

Bandwidth is a sizzling commodity, even much more so when living in a rural place or a region with notoriously lousy world wide web assistance. But occasionally your slow web is brought about by your ISP. Tap or simply click below to see if your ISP is throttling your speeds.

If your ISP isn’t the issue, what is? Wherever can you go for the answers you will need if you are at property and noticing a lag?

The good news is, there is a simple way to see what is hogging your net connection. Maintain looking through to come across out how.

How to test what is utilizing the most bandwidth

Examining your bandwidth usage on a Mac and Computer is super very simple.

On a Mac, all you have to do is:

  • Hit CMD + Room to open up Highlight.
  • Look for for or pick out Action Observe.
  • Click on the Network tab.

Below, you’ll see a breakdown of bandwidth use by application. Massive downloads, 4K streams and apps pinging a server routinely may perhaps affect your network speeds. Keep on to do this for all the units related to your community until eventually you uncover the actual challenge.

You may well also take into consideration utilizing computer software that can display you who’s utilizing your online or basically consult the router alone for nefarious, unauthorized attendees. Are your neighbors stealing your net? Faucet or click in this article to locate out what to do about it.

Windows buyers can see what’s employing the most bandwidth by opening Job Manager. Here’s how:

  • Press Ctrl + Alt + Delete on Home windows 10 or Ctrl + Shift + Esc on Windows 11.
  • Choose Performance.
  • Less than the Wi-Fi chart, enjoy for uncommon spikes in activity.
  • After, hop back into Procedures, sorting by Community Usage.
  • The heaviest customers will be filtered to the prime, exposing any potential apps or
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