Transcript: Protecting Our Planet: The Role of Technology

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MR. DENNIS: Hello, and welcome to The Washington Post Live. I’m Brady Dennis, a national environmental and climate reporter here at the Post. Thanks for joining us today for two conversations about the role of technology in curbing the impacts of climate change.

My first guest today is the executive secretary of UN Climate Change, Patricia Espinosa. Secretary Espinosa, thank you for joining us today.

SEC. ESPINOSA: Hello, Dennis. It’s a pleasure to be with you today.

MR. DENNIS: Good to see you.

We saw there in the intro, some clips from the most recent IPCC report, which is a series of scientific findings about the impacts and the science around climate change, and one of the things that the IPCC has told us is that there are technologies that already exist that can help us mitigate the impact of climate change and to slow it from getting worse. Would you talk us maybe through some of what those technologies are, some of what they look like, where we’re seeing them in the real world, and also about the global challenges with implementing them on a broad scale?

SEC. ESPINOSA: Well, thank you for this opportunity to be able to talk about our agenda, the agenda to address climate change, which continues to be the most important and alarming existential threat for humanity, and let me just underline this at the beginning of this conversation.

Also, thank you for touching on the issue of technology which has been actually, in the history of humanity, one of the drivers for change, for changing our way of life, for changing the way that we use resources, sometimes for the good and sometimes not so much for the best of humanity and nature.

I want to say currently we are seeing very exciting and positive developments in the area of technology, and you have presented some of them in your brief video, introductory video. Of course, technologies for renewable sources of energy have really seen an incredible progress. Their costs

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Wolf Administration Celebrates Pennsylvania’s Dairy Market, Offers the Scoop on Fifth Once-a-year Ice Cream Path

York, PA – This summer time, Pennsylvanians can conquer the heat and get a sweet handle by viewing any of the 30 creameries that make up the 2022 Scooped: An Ice Cream Path. Now, Division of Group and Economic Progress (DCED) Acting Secretary Neil Weaver, Deputy Secretary of Tourism, Movie & Advertising and marketing Carrie Fischer Lepore, and Department of Agriculture Secretary Russell Redding frequented Perrydell Farm and Dairy in York County to sprinkle some summertime pleasurable and kick off the fifth yearly Ice Product Trail.

“Nothing is sweeter than supporting our little corporations and the dairy marketplace,” mentioned Acting Secretary Weaver. “The Wolf Administration is happy to celebrate this significant sector and some pretty tasty treats. Pennsylvanians and people to the commonwealth must cease by the great creameries highlighted on the trail and be part of us in scooping up some summer time entertaining!”

Introduced in 2018, the Pennsylvania ice product path is a partnership among the Pennsylvania Office of Agriculture and its PA Preferred® application, DCED’s Tourism Business office, and the Centre for Dairy Excellence. The trail presents a mouth watering way to assistance Pennsylvania’s a lot more than 5,200 dairy farm people and the tiny enterprises that supply from them although providing a exceptional possibility to explore the commonwealth by the scoop.

“The Pennsylvania Ice Cream Path embodies the spirit of Pennsylvania agriculture” said Agriculture Secretary Russell Redding. “The path drives group spirit when showcasing the best of Pennsylvania dairy and food stuff entrepreneurship. This summer season, be part of me in supporting Pennsylvania dairy farmers and little enterprises by discovering the Pennsylvania Ice Product. It is the sweetest way to hook up with close friends, household, and the farmers who get the job done tirelessly to ensure wholesome dairy merchandise get to Pennsylvanians.”

June is also Countrywide Dairy Thirty day period and is the cherry on major of the celebration. Pennsylvania has the 2nd major quantity of dairy farms in the U.S. and is rated eighth in milk production nationally. The Pennsylvania dairy marketplace provides far more than 52,000 positions and supports the commonwealth’s

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Pretty huge laptop designed | Pc Gamer

In a shock upset of 21st century engineering norms, Oak Ridge National Laboratory has produced a laptop or computer that is, in reality, really huge. The Frontier supercomputer is also massive to match in a pocket or a backpack, like modern most preferred pcs, and it is also much too significant to healthy in a mid-tower Pc situation, which can easily hold an RTX 3090. How considerably larger could a computer system really need to be? 

Significantly more substantial, insists Oak Ridge National Laboratory. ORNL’s Frontier (opens in new tab) has been heralded as the “1st accurate exascale equipment,” setting a file for overall performance of 1.02 exaflops for each second on a high-efficiency benchmark. An exaflop is a person quintillion floating position functions per second, and if you are not positive how huge a quintillion is, it is really a million million thousands and thousands, aka a billion billions. NASA estimates that the Milky Way is one particular quintillion kilometers across.

So, quite huge.

Frontier set the exaflop file employing AMD’s 64-core 2GHz Epyc processors, which you can invest in on your own for only $8,000 or so. But you will have to have a couple of of them, simply because the Frontier has a full of 8,730,112 cores.

That’s 136,408 AMD Epyc processors. This computer system is unfashionably substantial: it will not fit underneath your desk, or even in your property unless of course you knock down a number of walls or have a a great deal even bigger dwelling than I do.

The Frontier supercomputer is also remarkably effective irrespective of filling up a number of server banking institutions, every bigger than Andre the Huge. Frontier is now #1 on the Best 500 supercomputer record and the Green 500, which charges for efficiency for every watt.

Right here are some more huge numbers:

  • Frontier can take up 7,300 square ft.
  • Frontier circulates about 6,000 gallons of drinking water per moment to continue to be neat.
  • Frontier “at this time has obtained 1.102 Exaflop/s using 8,730,112 cores. The new HPE Cray EX architecture brings together 3rd Gen AMD
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Syria, like much of the Arab world, inflicts place-large world wide web blackouts during exams

In an ill-fated attempt to stop dishonest in school assessments, governments across the Center East and north Africa have, for a long time, enforced nationwide world wide web blackouts through examination time. The exercise has been condemned by human-rights activists and wreaks havoc on the financial state. Bowing to strain, Syria’s governing administration claimed it would prevent slicing obtain to the web in 2022. But as the faculty yr arrived to an finish, and some 317,000 students manufactured their way to examination centres, the blackouts resumed. A research workforce at the Georgia Institute of Technologies recorded outages lasting quite a few several hours on May perhaps 30th, June 2nd and June 6th—all coinciding with countrywide secondary-university tests.

There is no evidence that world-wide-web shutdowns have minimized cheating in examinations. The problem continues to be rampant in the Arab planet, not minimum because students have a big incentive to do effectively. College admissions are centered virtually fully on test final results very last yr only 60% of students in Syria handed. In 2016 an nameless Facebook web page revealed many issues 10 minutes in advance of the tests started, claiming it was selling fairness by featuring inadequate pupils the exact same advantages that wealthy types had compensated for. Cheating has turn into so widespread in Algeria that the government purchased 500,000 college students to retake their exams in 2016. And unscrupulous kinds find a way around outages. In Iraq schooling officers had been accused of offering exam issues in 2018.

Alternatively web blackouts build a headache for the financial state. Traders are blocked from the market, corporations are unable to procedure digital payments and hospitals are unable to search for affected person documents. Since Could 30th Syria’s financial system has forfeited around $7m from the three outages, according to Simon Migliano of Top10VPN, a internet site that tracks the losses. Mr Migliano swimming pools expenses calculated by NetBlocks, a electronic exploration business, which estimates the economic impression using knowledge from the Planet Bank, the Intercontinental Telecommunications Union and Eurostat. Due to the fact 2019 blackouts have cost Syria some $88m.

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